THIS IS HOW I GOT THERE
Because my last board had a couple short circuits as a result of narrow widths between traces, I recreated it.
I then used my USBtiny to program the echo hello world onto my ATtiny44. I had to make several attempts at adjusting the USBtiny to connect properly. Justin eventually gave me a very helpful suggestion to sand down my soldered USB connector so it reads more easily.
Success! My programmer and board both worked.
Last, but not least, I successfully programmed my board to blink at intervals when the button is pushed.
The final product! After reading through the microcontroller data sheet and learning about the different pins, I was able to successfully adjust the blink c code.