<br> [MAS.865](../) > [Fiber Processes](index.html) > Thread <style> body {margin-left:2.5%;} a, p a {color: #484848; border-bottom: 3px solid #484848;} a:hover { border-bottom:1px solid black; color:#c3c3c3; text-decoration: none;} h1 {text-transform: uppercase; color: #484848; font-size: 20px;} h2 {text-transform: uppercase; color: #484848; font-size: 25px;} h3 {text-transform: uppercase; color: #484848; font-size: 15px;} ol, ul, li {list-style: none;} br {line-height: 2.5em;} </style> <br> <h1>Carding and combing</h1> - [carding](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carding)<br> - [carding machine](https://woolery.com/selecting-a-carder)<br> - [combing]()<br> <h1><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinning_(textiles)">spinning</a></h1> the process of transforming strands of fibers into yarn either through extrusion (artificial fibres) or mechanical bundling (natural fibers, e.g. cotton)<br> <h1>winding</h1> one of the first steps in the textile making process where the yarn is wound onto a bobbin and then used in a shuttle wound in a ball and used for knitting or spinning <br> <iframe src="https://player.vimeo.com/video/270273818" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0" webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen allowfullscreen></iframe> <br> <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/0sET6cQcciM" frameborder="0" allow="autoplay; encrypted-media" allowfullscreen></iframe> <h1>twisting</h1> joining together of several threads into one by continous rotation – direction of the twist is colloquially described as S or Z. Most sewing machines that use a single needle threads with Z twist, using an S thread can unwind the thread during the sewing process. <br> <iframe src="https://player.vimeo.com/video/270272586" width="560" height="315" frameborder="0" webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen allowfullscreen></iframe> <h1>plying</h1> <h1>Felting and fulling</h1> [Fulling mills](https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C5CHFA_enUS691US692&ei=GoL9WrPcG8fr5gLi5q6YAg&q=fulling+mill+industrial+revolution&oq=fulling+mill+industrial+revolution&gs_l=psy-ab.3...2521.7755.0.7916.<br> [Felting machine](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjkGOo8prZA)<br>