Interface programming
(hypolapse video taken with the brushless motor as rotator)

## Calibrating brushless motor

In my last week's work, I discovered that the motor's movement is not continueous or consistent with the input of a sine wave, as a result of the triple half bridge performace. So I decided to recalibrate the drive function to map the real angle of the motor to output signals that can generate that angle. To do that, I need a rotary encoder, which can measure the angle at each output configuration. Because I had the accelarometer working during the input device week and can be conveniently used to measure the angle, I can save the money to purchase a encoder. The scheme works as following: I used the sine wave (shown above) to drive the motor very slowly (~0.1deg/s) and fix the accelerometer on the rotator of the motor and read out the acceleration on x and y axis. Then the angle of the motor can be easily determined by tan(\theta) = AcX/AcY. I wrote some python code to read the data through serial and saved them in to file as well as plotting it in real time. The code is following:


import serial
import numpy
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from drawnow import drawnow

def updateplot(): // plot function
plt.title('Calibration')
plt.ylabel('AcX')
plt.plot(x,y2)
plt.plot(x,y3)

ser = serial.Serial('COM6',9600)
ser.setDTR()
ser.flushInput()
count = 0
x = []
y1 = []
y2 = []
y3 = []

plt.ion() //use interactive mode

for i in range(8000):
x.append(count)
data=data.strip('\n') //get rid of return
data1,data2,data3 = data.split(',')  // split different data field
y1=numpy.append(y1,int(data1)) // create arrays
y2=numpy.append(y2,int(data2))
y3=numpy.append(y3,int(data3))
count += 1
drawnow(updateplot) //update figure
ser.close()
numpy.savetxt('cali_v2', (y1,y2,y3)) // save data


The measured AcX and AcY is shown below. After processing the data into angle and averaging between different sub-rotations in matlab, I get the following calibration curve. From this curve the stalling behaviour is evident. By interplot the output waveform with this calibration curve, I thus get the calibrated output PWM waveform as following. 